Combined for people who love parks, flowers, gardens. An exceptional day that will make you discover the Botanical Garden of Rio and not far away the Parque Lage.
The heterogeneous landscape that is the botanical garden of the arboretum reflects the many historical interventions, men who wanted to transform the institution into a center of reproduction and the propagation of models of agronomic approach, botany or conservation. In the early days of the institution, its leaders were Standardize procedures busy acclimatizing and spreading plants useful for humans. Then came a long time when the priority in the arboretum became the search for the best way to transform a collection of plants into a scientific collection specifically dedicated to the meeting of research on taxonomy and activities. for the recognition of plant diversity.
The cultivated area now houses, apart from greenhouses, about 9,000 botanical specimens belonging to about 1,500 species. Tree species predominate such as "Leguminosae, Arecaceae, Myrtaceae and Bignoniaceae" of the Myrtaceae and Bignoniaceae botanical families, with only 30% of this quantitative representative of the national flora. Already in greenhouses and in thematic collections as a whole, this situation is reversed. For example, collections of orchids and bromeliads that together represent more than 8,000 vessels and more than 1,000 species, the absolute majority of Brazil are obtained in botanical expeditions by researchers at home over the past 30 years.
Pergolas and arbors are distributed in the arboretum, holding a set of vines that are an important part of the scientific collection, because there is a large amount of data stored in the institution's archive on them. Bignoniaceae, Passifloraceae and Convolvulaceae are the families of vines that deserve greater attention, as many living specimens of today in the arboretum have been the target of taxonomic studies of Barbosa Rodrigues and other important botanicals, some typus specimens new species described at the time. This scientific importance due to the abundance of data and records, and the possible presence of typus copies of certain groups of plants can be attributed to other sub-collections, for example: palm iras (family Arecaceae), acantĂˇceas (family Acanthaceae) and fig iras (Moraceae family).
The Botanical Garden of Rio de Janeiro was founded on June 13, 1808. It came from a decision of the Portuguese Prince Regent D. JoĂŁo to install a gunpowder factory and a garden for native plant species of acclimatization. other parts of the world. Today, the Botanical Garden Research Institute of Rio de Janeiro - the name it received in 1995, is a federal agency that reports to the Ministry of the Environment and is established as one of the leading research centers. most important in the world in the fields of botany and the conservation of biodiversity.
When we follow the history of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden to the present day, we can see that it has always been closely linked to the agenda of interests and concerns at the national and global levels. The initiative of its creation was a response to the economic and political context in which Portugal and Brazil, their colony, were inserted in the early nineteenth century.
Rua Jardim BotĂ˘nico, 1008, Rio de Janeiro - RJ
The Parque Large is a large green area of Rio de Janeiro, with a beautiful little palace in the center. The front gardens are lawns and on the sides are huge forests interspersed with plants and flowers, where we walk on picturesque paths, through a small bridge, a palm tree, and even an aquarium in the form a small cave. The site also hosts EAV, the School of Visual Arts.
Address: Rua Jardim BotĂ˘nico, nÂş 414, quartier Jardim BotĂ˘nico - Rio de Janeiro.
Open daily from 8 am to 5 pm Price: free entrance.
The place is ideal for anyone who wants to visit or walk around, at all ages, the Parque Large is a space of leisure and walking, mainly for those who love the green and the contact with nature.
The palace of Parque Large, in Roman style, and its geometric frontal garden. The rear gardens are composed of dense vegetation, forming a real forest of trees.
The mansion with French garden in front and on the right side, the aquarium building amid romantic gardens are a predominance of English style.
The diversity of Parque Lage gardens vegetation and its layout is so interesting and complex that it takes several visits to get to know it.
However through the photos, you can get an idea of the feeling of walking in its picturesque alleys and wings.
Although the photos are beautiful, they are only a few personal impressions, because what exists to see, goes much further, because of the diversity of angles, scenarios and places that further complement each other's point. And so, nothing replaces a visit of the place.
Le Palais du Parc peut ĂŞtre une classe architecturale pour les observateurs attentifs au style du palais, ainsi qu'une leĂ§on sur diffĂ©rents types d'amĂ©nagement paysager, car il y a des jardins romantiques. Style anglais avec des chemins fantastiques et sinueux, ainsi qu'un jardin rationaliste et gĂ©omĂ©trique, conĂ§u et exĂ©cutĂ© Ă diffĂ©rents moments.
Inside the mansion, facing the inner courtyard, there is a small bar-restaurant serving drinks and food, where people sit at tables around the pool and others sit on cushions on the floor, quietly.
Gardens with romantic and classic landscaping in addition to architecture, the other major attraction is the gardens, where you can stroll through the gardens with tall trees that in some places look like an enchanted forest.
In some parts of the gardens, there are fantastic elements, themes of the romantic gardens of the 19th century, with the lake, small islands and artificial bridges with rockwork works. Do not miss a cave in the mortar, imitating rocks and tree trunks.
The garden just in front of the palace overlooks a geometric and rationalist lawn, with a fountain in the center and benches. From this place you have a beautiful view of Corcovado.
A small building along the winding paths of the park's gardens houses an aquarium with small fish of different species from different parts of the world.
For hikers, there are also hikes that can lead to Christ the Redeemer on the summit of Corcovado or other points of the Tijuca Forest. But that's another story, and this type of walk in the woods should only be done with well-experienced and knowledgeable guides.
The old school is also used by the visual arts school as a support facility and exhibition venue.
Parque Lage is home to the School of Visual Arts, which gives the place a certain dynamism and cultural excitement. From here comes an informal atmosphere full of typical everyday fanatics, a style that combines an off-the-wall, intellectual feel, typical of artist contenders.
The history of Parque Lage land occupation comes from the second half of the sixteenth century, having been the rural property of the Governor of Rio de Janeiro, then owner of a sugar mill. From the 19th century, it became noble and aristocratic property until the middle of the 20th century, when the place became a park open to visitors.
The gardens of Parque Lage, which extend around the small palace and are part of the Tijuca National Park better known as the Floresta da Tijuca. Palacete and the surrounding area are listed properties and are part of the national historic heritage.
The gardens are set between stone-paved paths and between small alleys on land, covering an area of 52 hectares, just below the slopes of the Corcovado Massif and next to the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden.
The vegetation forms a forest, with varieties of the Atlantic forest, under one of the slopes of Corcovado.